Socio-Economic Survey and Analysis

Socio-economical issues form an important part of the project and they will be taken into account in the baseline studies, in the development of management tools and in guidelines to be produced. One of the aims of the project is that with the help of the outcomes of the project the utilisation and protection of the Tonle Sap could be socio-culturally acceptable.

The main aim of the socio-economic analysis is to achieve basic understanding of the interconnections of the socio-economic and environmental impacts and factors in Tonle Sap area. Components of socio-economic survey and analysis are database analysis, participatory village surveys, literature reviews and expert interviews, analysis of gathered information as well as creation of socio-economic model based on Bayesian Causal Networks.

Based on review and analysis of different databases, own GIS-based socio-economic database is created. This database enables examination and analysis of various different socio-economic factors in different topographic zones in Tonle Sap Area. Socio-economic information in the database is derived mainly from Census 1998 and MRC/DoF’s Fishing Household Survey while topographic information is based on Certeza’s survey.

Participatory village surveys are used to collect socio-economic information focusing especially on different occupation and their seasonal variation, use and availability of natural resources, floods, and environmental changes. Village surveys make use of different PRA-methods like group discussions, participatory mappings as well as various different kind of rankings. In spring 2002 three participatory village surveys were carried out in the provinces of Kampong Chhnang, Pursat and Battambang. During autumn 2002 three more village surveys were carried out in the provinces of Kampong Thom and Siem Reap. covering thus all the provinces and various different kind of zones in Tonle Sap Area.

The methodology used for socio-economic modelling—Bayesian Causal Network—is based on the systematic analysis of causal interconnections in a complex environmental-social-economic systems. The objective is to assess risks to various components of the environmental and social system under concern, as consequences of different policy strategies under evaluation.

Photo from village survey

More information and documents are available here!